Mesothelioma prognosis comes as a shocking revelation to the victims and family members, due to wide and varied reasons. A rare form of cancer, mesothelioma infects the protective covering of the internal organs, called mesothelium. Over-exposure to asbestos results in the mesothelium getting affected. People become exposed to asbestos mostly at their work places, where the material is used. Those who are staying near asbestos mines also fall victims of the disease. But the impact of the infection would be different in different persons. It depends on the stage of cancer at the time of detection, the age and health of the infected person and the ability of the body to respond to treatment procedures.
Mesothelioma prognosis becomes a nightmare for the victim since the disease lies dormant for many years, even fifty or more, before the symptoms appear. By that time the infection must have reached the important internal organs like heart, abdomen or lungs. Mesothelioma can be categorized into four stages. The first two stages are comparatively less dangerous and easy to cure. However the prospects of a cure is almost nil in the third and fourth stages. Mostly mesothelioma detection takes place when the patient goes to the doctor for some other physical problems.
Secondly, being a rare cancer, many cancer centers and cancer specialists do not possess the required expertise to treat mesothelioma. Researches are still on to find a successful treatment for advanced mesothelioma. For stage III and IV, presently, the emphasis is only to alleviate pain and provide a better and comfortable environment for the patient.
The pleural, the peritoneal and the pericardial are the three different types of cancer. Pleural mesothelioma is the most curable one, but is found in many people. In this case the infection affects the protective covering of the lungs. Surgery, radiation and chemotherapy are the treatment methods employed to treat this. The abdominal cavities get affected in peritoneal mesothelioma and are more dangerous than the pleural type. Pericardial mesothelioma is the third type and the most dangerous one. It affects the heart area and is a fatal infection. It is also seen commonly that some doctors diagnose the type of mesothelioma wrongly thereby making the situation more serious.
In the modern age, with the invention of modern treatments, mesothelioma prognosis has become better. The modern treatment includes multimodality treatment, gene therapy, photodynamic therapy etc. Ultimately survival depends on the response of the patients towards treatment and the type of cancer.